Registered Psychotherapist is a new designation by the College of Registered Psychotherapist of Ontario (CRPO – crpo.ca) and is indicated by the RP designation. A registered psychotherapist is someone who has completed extensive schooling and training in the area of psychotherapy and is thus able to provide ongoing psychotherapeutic services to their clients. The act of Psychotherapy is described by the CRPO as the following:
To treat, by means of psychotherapy technique, delivered through a therapeutic relationship, an individual’s serious disorder of thought, cognition, mood, emotional regulation, perception, or memory that may seriously impair the individual’s judgment, insight, behaviour, communication, or social functioning.
A Clinical Psychologist goes by the designation of CPsych and is regulated by the College of Psychologists of Ontario. Clinical psychologists typically have a PhD in Clinical Psychology and more extensive training in diagnosis and assessment. A psychotherapist typically does not provide diagnoses of any kind, but is aware of various diagnoses and can work with these within the psychotherapeutic process.
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor with a specialization in psychiatry and thus regulated but the College of Physicians of Ontario. Psychiatrists typically require a doctor’s referral and rarely provide counselling services. Currently, the majority of psychiatrists provide formal assessments, diagnoses and medication management.